General dentistry is uniquely oriented towards the prevention of disease.
General dentistry. This area of dentistry is focused on ensuring that you have good oral hygiene and dental health, that you do not have any issues such as cavities, caries or gum disease. General dentists also use restorative dentistry procedures to repair the effects of tooth decay, trauma, defect or disease in these areas of the mouth.
Most people visit a dentist either when they are in pain or when they are looking for a radical change. Before you can have a radical change it is essential that your oral care is looked after. Regular checkups and oral health maintenance prevent the development of serious dental problems.
Sealants are thin protective layers of a flow-able material placed over the biting surface of a tooth. It is placed in the grooves and fissures of a tooth to avoid decay. Routinely they are performed on children as their back teeth erupt but are used in adult patients also
Historically amalgam has been used with great results. Please read our section pertaining to Minimata and the use of amalgam in Dentistry.
Composite is a tooth colour material routinely used as a filling material. It’s very aesthetic. Other materials exist where composite may not be suitable and these include gold and porcelain.
Where extractions are necessary we adopt the latest techniques to ensure it can be done in the most minimally invasive way where possible. Preserving bone is optimised should the patient require implants in the future. In orthodontics the concept of bone preservation is key.
Endodontics is the practice of root canal treatments. This procedure is carried out where the nerve supply to the tooth has been damaged either by decay or trauma.
Where possible it is an alternative to extraction and therefore allows the person the to maintain their tooth.
The procedure itself involves using small instruments to clean the very narrow canal(s) through an opening in the tooth. Rubber dam is used to protect the patient’s airway. Once the canals are cleaned, they are filled and then the tooth is restored either with a filling, crown or both.
X rays are taken before, during and after the procedure to guide the Dentist and ensure the treatment is as successful as possible.
Typically root canal treatments are done over 1 to 2 visits. In complex cases more visits may be necessary or in some instances the patient is referred to a specialist Endondontist to have the treatment carried out under a microscope.
Dentures are removable prosthesis to replace missing teeth. Essentially there are two main types
Acrylic dentures need to cover as great an area as possible to aid their retention. Flexible acrylic dentures (Valplast) exist and can be used in certain circumstances.
Metal dentures are commonly made from Chrome Cobalt and are constructed as a framework attached to teeth. This allows them to be more retentive and hygienic. Titanium is an alternative metal should there exist a known allergy to nickel. Titanium also has the advantage of being lighter.